Which Group of People Did Not Join the Jacobin Club?
- September 28, 2022
- Ethan More
If you’re asking yourself this question, you’re not alone. There are several groups of people who did not support the Jacobin cause. This list includes members of the middle class, artisans, watchmakers, printers, daily wage workers, and even servants. Here are some examples.
Jacobin war promoters
The Jacobin club was originally the Club Breton, and was formed by representatives of Breton estates in the Estates General. Later members included deputies from other parts of France. Some early members included Comte de Mirabeau, Antoine Barnave, Charles Lameth, and Alexandre Lameth. The group met in secret in places like the duc d’Aiguillon and the Palace of Versailles.
The Jacobins were the ones who helped bring the French Revolution to its bloodiest phase. In addition to promoting patriotism, they also helped consolidate France’s republican values. By implementing these policies, the Jacobins brought a new sense of nationhood to the French people, and consolidated the republican government.
Members of the middle class
The Jacobin Club was an exclusive, influential club for those interested in political affairs. It was established shortly after the National Assembly sat in Paris in 1789. Members were drawn from the middle and upper classes. Its membership fees were very high, and many of its members were lawyers. Their main goal was to uphold the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.
Jacobins were more practical and less pious than Girondists. They believed in a more democratic form of government, and they were prepared to take risks in pursuit of it. They also believed that power and rights belonged to the people and that the government should grant them their freedom.
A Provincial lawyer walks into a Jacobin club, which is decorated with busts of Roman heroes, Enlightenment philosophers, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. He and his wife, Marie-Jeanne Phlipon, soon became close friends and sided with the Revolution. The couple also started a salon for the Girondins, but later fled the country when the Girondins were overthrown. When they fled, their wife was arrested, and later executed. Upon hearing of this, Roland committed suicide.
The Girondists had a contrasting approach to the French Revolution. They opposed the Jacobin club’s centralization of power and advocated for a decentralized government. Despite their opposition to the Jacobin club, they remained close to the sans-culottes, a powerful working-class group in Paris. In addition to advocating for federalism, they also promoted a strong legislative branch.
The Girondists were radicals in the Legislative Assembly and conservatives in the Convention. They were a group of men who resisted the monarchy and were ready to use force against the French government. But, unlike the Jacobin Club, they did not join the Jacobins. The Girondists did not join the Jacobin Club because they did not want to fight the monarchy, but because they did not want to split France into two factions.
Although the Girondists had noble ideals, they did not have much support outside of their region. Even in Paris, they had few friends. Only Danton remained loyal to them. Furthermore, they opposed measures to control the price of food and restrain merchants who made huge profits from the poor. This enraged the Enrages and men like Marat.
The Cordeliers Club was an outgrowth of radical democratic politics in early eighteenth-century France. During the Terror of 1793-4, they supported the government, but their leaders were jailed and killed for criticizing the Convention. After the Terror, they were subject to the same persecution as the Jacobins. Their emblem, an eye radiating from a mountain summit, reflected their radical political views. The open eye, a symbol of revolutionary vigilance, was printed on their copper tokens.
The Jacobin movement was born during the French Revolution. In the aftermath of the Revolution, some republican writers have apologeticized for the Jacobins. In reality, the Jacobins were practical politicians who realized that desperate ills demanded desperate measures. Their goal was to save the gains made during the French Revolution. The Jacobin Club lasted for only a short time after the revolution ended, and it was primarily joined by opponents of the Thermidorians.